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Key concepts

Personal identity and self-worth

A sense of personal identity and self-worth is linked to the hauora dimensions of taha wairua (spiritual well-being) and taha hinengaro (mental and emotional well-being).

Students will become aware of:

  • their uniqueness as a human being, who and what defines me?
  • their personal characteristics, such as gender, culture, strengths, abilities, and interests,
  • their relationships with other people, such as family, friends, classmates, and teachers, Where do I belong?
  • the communities they are part of, such as teams, groups, clubs, and schools;
  • build their self-confidence by developing the skills of self-awareness, self-reflection, self-appraisal, and self-advocacy; what skills do I need to develop so that I can feel positive about myself and act confidently with other people?
  • examine the social, cultural, economic, environmental, and other factors that influence their beliefs about their own worth and that of other people; What is important to me and why is this so?
  • identify ways in which their attitudes and values are linked to their personal identity and sense of self-worth and ways in which those values contribute to health-enhancing or health-harming decisions. What do I hope to achieve? What are my goals and purposes?

Societal attitudes and beliefs

This concept is linked to the Socio-ecological Perspective and the Attitudes and Values of Health and Physical Education in the New Zealand Curriculum (1999). Students will:

  • identify factors that influence people's choices and behaviours relating to well-being;
  • recognise the need for mutual care and shared responsibility between themselves, other people, and society;
  • develop positive and responsible attitudes to their own well-being;
  • actively contribute to their own well-being and to that of other people and society;
  • develop respect for the rights of other people;
  • develop a sense of social justice and learn to value diversity.

Critical thinking and action

Critical thinking and critical action are linked to Hauora and Health Promotion in Health and Physical Education in the New Zealand Curriculum (1999).

Students will:

  • understand how the environments in which they live, learn, work, and play affect their personal well-being and that of society;
  • develop the personal skills that empower them to take action to improve their own well-being and to improve their environment;
  • help to develop policies and practices that ensure the physical and emotional safety of all members of their communities;
  • understand the rights and responsibilities, laws, policies, and practices that relate to people's well-being.

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