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Planning considerations

Making Meaning provides teachers with a number of ideas for teaching and learning activities through which students can explore the underlying concepts of the socio-ecological perspective and health promotion in health education, physical education, and home economics.

Planning to meet students' learning needs in senior programmes requires teachers to consider aspects of the health and physical education curriculum that go beyond the immediate, personal needs of their students. The curriculum at levels 6–8 places increasing emphasis on the wider society in which the student lives, including their school community; their neighbourhood, town, or city; New Zealand as a society; and the global society.

At this level of learning, students are increasingly required to demonstrate an understanding of the concepts of the socio-ecological perspective and health promotion, to analyse the many societal factors that impact on a given health education, physical education, or home economics issue, and to apply these ideas by taking action to make a difference in their communities and improve people's well-being. In these three disciplines, teachers need to plan units of work that provide a range of opportunities for students to develop their conceptual understanding and to participate actively in initiatives to improve school and community well-being.

This book does not aim to provide specific units of work but rather offers ideas for activities and processes that can be used, in conjunction with other resources, to expand students' conceptual understanding of the socio-ecological perspective and health promotion and to enable them to make a difference in their school and the wider community. Many of the suggested activities would take several learning sessions to complete.

Although some activities fit a specific context, the processes they follow can be applied to other key areas of learning or to different topics within a learning programme. For example, the 'Determinants of health' activities could be used in an initial exploration of ways to use the socio-ecological perspective. The activities in this book are designed to help meet identified achievement objectives. Teachers may adapt the material for students working at a higher or lower curriculum level, or alternatively, they may access suggested learning experiences from other resources that meet their students' learning needs.

Health education planning
Physical education planning
Home economics planning
Safety and ethical issues
Assessment opportunities


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