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Glossary

A

  • ako: to teach and to learn
  • āta tū: standing still
  • awhi: caring
  • āwhina: helping, assisting, befriending, providing moral support

H

  • hakuturi: **********
  • hanariki: mischievous
  • hapū: sub-tribe
  • harakeke: flax
  • hauora: well-being
  • haututū: playful
  • he hokinga whakaaro: reflecting
  • hei tama tū tama: **********
  • hihī: hissing
  • hīhiko: flashing
  • hipitoitoi: *********************
  • hope: hands on hips
  • hukurau: trickster
  • hurihuri: turn around

I

  • ihuroa: curious
  • iwi: tribe

K

  • ka pai: Good! well done
  • kaea: leader
  • kaiako: teacher/facilitator
  • kanikani: dance
  • kapa: straight line formation – moving forward as one
  • kapa haka: performance group
  • karakia: prayer
  • kaupapa: strategy, theme
  • ki raro: down
  • ki runga: up
  • ki te taha: to the side
  • ki waenganui: between
  • kia mau: take your stance
  • kia rite: get ready
  • kia tau: stop
  • kia wiri: start quivering your hands
  • kei raro: down
  • kei runga: up
  • Ko te Hau Ore: The Wind of Life
  • kohia: gather
  • kōpere: rainbow
  • kōrero: speak
  • koru: spiral
  • kotahitanga: working as one
  • kōwhaiwhai: painted scroll ornamentation
  • kuru/a: throw

M

  • mahi whai: string games
  • mahi-ā-ngākau: work of the heart
  • mana: integrity
  • mana atua: power from the spiritual powers
  • mana tangata: power from people
  • mana whenua: power from the land
  • manaakitanga: hospitality and generosity
  • manu aute: kite making
  • manu taratahi: kite
  • manuhiri: visitors, guests
  • matau: right
  • mauī: left
  • me pēnei: like this
  • mōhio: clever
  • moko: tattooing on the face or body
  • muramura: flaming

N

  • ngā kupu: words
  • ngā mahi a te rēhia: games and pastimes
  • ngā mahi poi: poi activities
  • ngā ringaringa: hands
  • nga waewae: feet/legs
  • nga whatu/karu: eyes
  • ngā whetū: stars
  • ngahau: entertaining
  • ngāhere: forest
  • ngaru: wave
  • ngunguru: roaring, rumbling
  • niniha: glowing

P

  • pāhekoheko: pair/combination
  • pakepake: sparkling
  • pakipaki: clap
  • Papatūānuku: Earth Mother
  • pātiki: diamond
  • peke: jump
  • piupiu: to oscillate, move to and fro, wave about
  • poi ki raro: poi stop and by your side
  • poi kia mau: poi get ready
  • poi porotiti: poi spin
  • poipoitia: poi whirl and slap (as in spin and slap your hand)
  • poi tapatapa: poi slap, slap (as in a rhythm orbeat)
  • potaka: top
  • poutama: steps
  • poutoti: stilts
  • pūkana: open the eyes wide and dilate the pupils (men and women)
  • pura pura whetū: criss-cross
  • pūtōrino: flute

R

  • rangimarie: tolerance, being at peace with oneself and the environment
  • Ranginui: Sky Father
  • rau: leaf
  • raupō: bulrush
  • rere āmio: circling
  • rere atu: fly away
  • rere hāro: soaring
  • rere mai: fly to me
  • rere piko: curving
  • rere raro: fly below
  • rere runga: fly above
  • rere tītaha: swerving
  • rere topa: swooping
  • rere tūpou: diving
  • ringa whiua: swing arms across body, elbows bent at waist height
  • rito: centre shoot or heart of a monocotyledonous plant, such as flax
  • rongo: listen
  • ruru: pick up

T

  • taha hinengaro: mental and emotional well-being
  • taha tinana: physical well-being
  • taha wairua: spiritual well-being
  • taha whānau: social well-being
  • taiaha: long club
  • taihoa: wait
  • takahi ki mua: move forwards
  • takahi ki te taha matau (katau): move to the right
  • takahi ki te taha mauī: move to the left
  • takahi whakamuri: move backwards
  • takahia: trample, stamp
  • tākaro ā-ringa: hand games
  • takutaku: chant
  • tangata whenua: local people
  • Tāne Mahuta: guardian of the forest
  • tapu: sacred, forbidden
  • tautoko: support
  • te ao kori: the world of movement
  • te ārero: tongue
  • te heketau te tauira: parachute pattern
  • te ihi: inner feelings
  • te kapu me te hoiha: cup and saucer
  • te reo kori: the language of movement
  • te taiao: natural environment
  • te tinana: body
  • te wairua: spirit
  • teina: younger
  • tī rākau: stick
  • tihore: to clear away
  • tīmata: start, begin
  • tira: stick
  • toetoe: sedge grass
  • toi puoro: music
  • tuakana: older
  • tūpoupou: plunging

U

  • uira: lightning

W

  • waewae takahia: start stamping your right foot
  • waiata: song
  • waiata-ā-ringa: action songs
  • wairua: spirit
  • wawāhi-tahā: breaker of rules
  • wero: challenge
  • whai: string games
  • whai-pūkenga: skilful
  • whakamahana tinana: warm-up
  • whakamataku: frightening
  • whakapapa: history and protocols
  • whakaropiropi ai: hand game
  • whakataukī: proverb
  • Whana: step and kick
  • whānau: family group
  • whātero: sticking out the tongue (men only)
  • wiri: quivering of the hands
  • wiriwiri: shuddering

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