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Glossary

affective learning environment

the emotional environment in which students learn, which affects their feelings of being safe, supported, trustful, and positive (or otherwise) in the learning situation

attitude

a disposition to think or act in a certain way

awhina

helping, assisting, befriending, providing moral support

beliefs

principles, propositions, and ideas accepted as true (especially without positive proof)

co-curricular programmes

all those learning activities that are part of the total school curriculum but do not necessarily take place in scheduled class time, such as school sport and drama or dance productions

critical thinking

examining, questioning, evaluating, and challenging taken-for-granted assumptions about issues and practices

critical action

action based on critical thinking

ethics

a set of moral principles providing a reason or justification for human conduct

healthism

a set of assumptions, based on the belief that health is solely an individual responsibility, that embrace a conception of the body as a machine that must be maintained and kept in tune in a similar way to a car or motorbike

Hippocratic oath

an oath that doctors take, before beginning medical practice, to affirm their obligations and intentions of proper conduct

kanikani

dance

kawa

protocol

mahi a ngakau

work of the heart

mana

prestige, influence, and authority

manaakitanga

hospitality and generosity

mau rakau

the art of using weapons such as taiaha

motor skill

a physical act (requiring movement) through which a person successfully achieves a pre-determined goal; performing a motor skill involves a quality component, body control, and a decision-making process

movement skills

a term that can be used to classify body movements; for example, movement skills where the body moves from one place to another are called locomotor skills, and movement skills that are performed on the spot are called non-locomotor skills

multi-sports events

events that include a variety of sports, some of which are generally competitive sports in the outdoor environment

nga mahi a rehia

all Maori recreational and leisure interests and physical activities, including te reo kori

rangimarie

tolerance; being at peace with oneself and the environment

selective attention

the process of directing attention to the specific task at hand; through selective attention, a person excludes all variables that are not relevant to successfully completing the required task

self-reflection

thinking about one's own values, attitudes, behaviour, learning, or performance in order to assess their effectiveness, validity, or appropriateness in a specific context

socio-ecological perspective

a view of health and physical education that includes the interdependence between individual, group, societal, and environmental factors that affect well-being

taiaha

a single-pointed spear; the art of using this weapon

takaro-a-ringa

hand game(s)

te reo kori

the language of movement; a programme used to develop basic movement skills using equipment such as poi, rakau, and whai

tikanga

custom, rule, way of doing things

tititorea

short sticks used for stick games

values

a person's principles or standards; judgments of what is valuable or important in life

waiata-a-ringa

action song(s)

whai

string games

whanaungatanga

family relationships, kinship

whole and part learning

a method of learning where either the whole task is learned at once (whole learning) or a complex movement pattern is broken down into parts that are practised separately (part learning)

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