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Strands

Strand A: Personal Health and Physical Development

Learning in this strand focuses on the personal health and physical development of students and includes understandings about personal identity and self-worth. Students develop the knowledge, understandings, skills, and attitudes to meet their health and physical activity needs, both now and in the future. They learn about influences on their well-being and develop self-management skills that enhance their health. Students are encouraged to take increasing responsibility for the changing patterns of their life, work, relaxation, and recreation.

Strand B: Movement Concepts and Motor Skills

Learning in this strand focuses on the personal movement skills that students develop in a range of situations and environments. Learning by participating in spontaneous play, informal games, cultural activities, creative movement, dance, sport, and other forms of activity enables students to strengthen their awareness of their personal identity, to experience the pleasure of physical activity, and to develop their awareness and appreciation of the diverse nature of movement.

Learning physical skills helps students to develop understandings about how they move and about how to care for themselves, manage competition, and make informed choices in relation to play, recreation, and work. Learning in this strand also allows students to develop and apply knowledge and understandings of the social and cultural factors that influence the ways in which individuals and groups become involved in physical activity.

Strand C: Relationships With Other People

Learning in this strand focuses on students and their relationships with other people. Students examine effective relationships in classrooms, schools, whanau, and the wider community during play, recreation, sport, work, and cultural events. They consider how they influence the well-being of other people and how the attitudes, values, actions, and needs of other people influence them.

Students also develop the knowledge and interpersonal skills to enable them to interact sensitively with other people. They learn to evaluate the impacts that social and cultural factors have on relationships, in particular, the impacts of stereotyping and of discrimination against individuals on the basis of their gender, ethnicity, age, economic background, sexual orientation, cultural beliefs, or differing abilities.

Strand D: Healthy Communities and Environments

Learning in this strand focuses on the interdependence of students, their communities, society, and the environment. Students identify physical and social influences in the classroom, the school, the family, and society that promote individual, group, and community well-being. They develop understanding of their responsibilities to their communities and come to recognise the benefits that they can experience from participating actively as community members. Students are encouraged to identify inequities, make changes, and contribute positively, through individual and collective action, to the development of healthy communities and environments.


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