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Body Care and Physical Safety

Learning about body care and physical safety provides students with opportunities to make informed decisions about body care, to recognise hazards in the environment, and to adopt safe practices in relation to these.

The main focus of this key learning area is the physical dimension of hauora. However, body care and physical safety does also relate to the mental and emotional, social, and spiritual dimensions of hauora because the four dimensions are interrelated.

Through the socio-ecological perspective, students will examine social, cultural, and economic attitudes, beliefs, and practices that influence environmental safety and personal body care. Students will be encouraged to use problem-solving and decision-making skills to manage social and ecological aspects of hauora constructively.

To provide an effective environment for promoting personal body care and physical safety, schools need to develop supportive school-wide policies and practices, adopt practical safety and emergency procedures, and make links with relevant support groups and agencies.

Students require a range of learning opportunities, which include opportunities to:

  • develop knowledge, understandings, and skills for personal body care
  • for example, in relation to hygiene, the management of medication, sleep and rest, relaxation, posture, lifting and carrying, warming up, stretching, regular physical activity, and the care of eyes, ears, teeth, and skin
  • develop knowledge and skills for the prevention of illness, injury, infection, disease, and common lifestyle disorders
  • develop knowledge and understanding of practical ways of caring for themselves and other people during times of illness, injury or accident, and rehabilitation
  • develop the ability to identify environmental hazards
  • such as hazards in the home, near roads, in playgrounds, and in bush and other outdoor environments and risks relating to fire, sun, water, poisons, and passive smoking
  • practise strategies to avoid or minimise harm from environmental hazards and learn emergency procedures for managing risk situations
  • develop attitudes and values that encourage them to take responsibility for their own physical well-being and that of other people and to care for the environment.