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affective learning environment

the emotional environment in which students learn, which affects their feelings of being safe, supported, trustful, and positive (or otherwise) in the learning situation


a disposition to think or act in a certain way


helping, assisting, befriending, providing moral support


principles, propositions, and ideas accepted as true (especially without positive proof)

co-curricular programmes

all those learning activities that are part of the total school curriculum but do not necessarily take place in scheduled class time, such as school sport and drama or dance productions

critical thinking

examining, questioning, evaluating, and challenging taken-for-granted assumptions about issues and practices

critical action

action based on critical thinking


a set of moral principles providing a reason or justification for human conduct


a set of assumptions, based on the belief that health is solely an individual responsibility, that embrace a conception of the body as a machine that must be maintained and kept in tune in a similar way to a car or motorbike

Hippocratic oath

an oath that doctors take, before beginning medical practice, to affirm their obligations and intentions of proper conduct





mahi a ngakau

work of the heart


prestige, influence, and authority


hospitality and generosity

mau rakau

the art of using weapons such as taiaha

motor skill

a physical act (requiring movement) through which a person successfully achieves a pre-determined goal; performing a motor skill involves a quality component, body control, and a decision-making process

movement skills

a term that can be used to classify body movements; for example, movement skills where the body moves from one place to another are called locomotor skills, and movement skills that are performed on the spot are called non-locomotor skills

multi-sports events

events that include a variety of sports, some of which are generally competitive sports in the outdoor environment

nga mahi a rehia

all Maori recreational and leisure interests and physical activities, including te reo kori


tolerance; being at peace with oneself and the environment

selective attention

the process of directing attention to the specific task at hand; through selective attention, a person excludes all variables that are not relevant to successfully completing the required task


thinking about one's own values, attitudes, behaviour, learning, or performance in order to assess their effectiveness, validity, or appropriateness in a specific context

socio-ecological perspective

a view of health and physical education that includes the interdependence between individual, group, societal, and environmental factors that affect well-being


a single-pointed spear; the art of using this weapon


hand game(s)

te reo kori

the language of movement; a programme used to develop basic movement skills using equipment such as poi, rakau, and whai


custom, rule, way of doing things


short sticks used for stick games


a person's principles or standards; judgments of what is valuable or important in life


action song(s)


string games


family relationships, kinship

whole and part learning

a method of learning where either the whole task is learned at once (whole learning) or a complex movement pattern is broken down into parts that are practised separately (part learning)